Terms and Conditions

The ESE Archives Guide: A Web Guide to East and Southeast European Archives is published by the the Graduate School for East and Southeast European Studies – a joint programme by Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität (LMU) Munich and the Universität Regensburg – and is conceived as open access content. Our website address is: http://www.ese-archives.geschichte.uni-muenchen.de. For digitized content made available by the mentioned institutions, the respective institution’s terms of use apply.

The following terms apply for the non-commercial use of this Web Archive Guide:


The introductions and descriptions are self-contained contributions that are assigned a permanent URL and a Creative Commons license (CC license). There are suggestions for citation at the end of each article. All source interpretations and introductions include the author’s name and suggestions for citation. The texts and their translations are generally published under the This text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution – Non-commercial – No Derivatives 4.0 International License “CC BY-NC-ND 4.0” [Author(s), article title, in: ESE Archives Guide: A Web Guide to East and Southeast European Archives, year of publication (date of last update), URL]. This allows for secondary use of the unedited text on condition of full citation for academic and other non-commercial purposes. As long as the work is unedited and you give appropriate credit according to the Recommended Citation, you may reuse and redistribute the material in any medium or format for non-commercial purposes. Whenever a text is used, the information on copyright and permission given in the suggestions for citation must be included.

Rights and Permissions

Copyright information is given for all material, all texts created for the project have been assigned CC licenses, and information on the holding institution is provided for all sources in order to create the highest possible level of transparency for users. For material protected by copyright the options for use are limited. The Graduate School for East and Southeast European Studies is not liable for violations against existing terms of use.


The Graduate School for East and Southeast European Studies does not guarantee the completeness or accuracy of the content provided, nor does it guarantee uninterrupted functioning of the website or permanent accessibility of the internet application.

On this website there are cross-references (“links”) to other Internet offers. Through those cross-references, the Graduate School for East and Southeast European Studies provides only access to this content (§ 8 Telemedia Act). It is not responsible for their content, as it does not initiate the transmission of information, does not select the recipient of the transmitted information and does not select or change the transmitted information. Because of the selected call-up and linking method there is no automatic temporary caching of this information by the Graduate School for East and Southeast European Studies; it follows that Graduate School for East and Southeast European Studies is not responsible for the foreign content.

With particular regard to paragraphs 86a and 130 of the Criminal Code (StGB) of the Federal Republic of Germany, we state that the content displayed on these pages does not serve a propagandistic purpose, advertise for banned organizations or associations, deny or downplay National Socialist crimes, nor is it displayed with the purpose of debasing human dignity. The content displayed on these pages (in words and images) exclusively serves the purposes of research in the areas of history, the social sciences, and cultural studies as defined in paragraph 86 StGB, section 3. It is published with the intention of imparting knowledge that will encourage intellectual independence and a willingness to take responsibility among all citizens and thus serve the purpose of promoting their political maturity.

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Privacy Statement

As a website operator, The Graduate School for East and Southeast European Studies takes the protection of your data very seriously. The Graduate School always treats your personal data confidentially and in accordance with legal regulations, in particular in compliance with the EU General Data Protection Regulation (EU-GDPR) and the Bavarian Data Protection Act (BayDSG).

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When visitors leave comments on the site we collect the data shown in the comments form, and also the visitor’s IP address and browser user agent string to help spam detection. An anonymized string created from your email address (also called a hash) may be provided to the Gravatar service to see if you are using it. The Gravatar service privacy policy is available here: https://automattic.com/privacy/. After approval of your comment, your profile picture is visible to the public in the context of your comment. If you leave a comment on our site you may opt-in to saving your name, email address and website in cookies. These are for your convenience so that you do not have to fill in your details again when you leave another comment. These cookies will last for one year. If you leave a comment, the comment and its metadata are retained indefinitely. This is so we can recognize and approve any follow-up comments automatically instead of holding them in a moderation queue. Visitor comments may be checked through an automated spam detection service.

Articles on this site may include embedded content (e.g. videos, images, articles, etc.). Embedded content from other websites behaves in the exact same way as if the visitor has visited the other website. These websites may collect data about you, use cookies, embed additional third-party tracking, and monitor your interaction with that embedded content, including tracing your interaction with the embedded content if you have an account and are logged in to that website. This applies for Google Maps API, in particular. For information about Google’s data protection practices, please read Google’s Privacy Policy. This policy explains how Google treats your personal information and protects your privacy when you use the Service.

Keep in mind that there might be security gaps when transmitting data on the internet. Full protection against access by strangers is not possible.